May 9th, 1921 – February 20th, 1943
Sophie Scholl moved with her family to Ulm, Germany. In 1933, she became a part of the Hitler Youth group, which supported the Nazi government. With influence from her father, she soon began to disagree with the views of Adolf Hitler and his government. Sophie had a brother, Hans, who was also against Nazis. In 1937, he was arrested for being a part of activities that were not in favor of the Nazi movement.
Sophie was a kindergarten teacher in Ulm after doing war service as nursery teacher in Blumberg. In 1942, she began studying biology and philosophy at the University of Munich. Sophie’s brother, Hans, also attended the university and started a group that same year called the White Rose group. Sophie joined the group with her brother, along with six others, one being a philosophy professor at the university.
The White Rose group was opposed to the Nazi government and used the same strategy as students in the United States who were fighting against racial discrimination: passive resistance. Sophie and the group spread flyers throughout Germany that encouraged the country to stand up for equality, social justice, and stand against the Nazi movement.
Sophie and Hans were both arrested on February 18th, 1943 for being caught passing out letters for the White Rose group. On February 20th, three members of the group were charged for treason and executed the same day.
Sophie Scholl stood up for her country and what she believed in, no matter the consequences. At the age of 22, she showed Germany and the world that a small group of people could make a huge difference.